Signs of Drug Addiction and Drug Abuse
Drug addiction is a common problem in many countries. It's tricky to know that a family member or friend uses certain drugs. However, there are signs which may indicate that they are addicted and the type of drug which they use.
What is Drug Addiction?
Addiction refers to the psychological or physical urge to use a certain substance to achieve a particular result. In most instances, some people don't consider the harmful effects of drugs when using them. It's vital to remember that most of the drug addiction signs don't appear in all people. Also, different addictions display unique signs. It's vital to assess them to determine how a person responds to a certain addiction treatment.
What are the Common Signs of Drug Abuse and Addiction?
Here are ten common signs that your loved one is using drugs.
- Poor judgment: When a person is addicted to substances, they are usually willing to do anything to obtain the drugs. They might indulge in risky activities including cheating, stealing or having unprotected sex. It could cause adverse effects on their health. Besides, they might be imprisoned for taking part in a crime.
- Drug-searching: Chronic drug users normally spend a lot of energy and time as they seek their preferred drug.
- Financial instability: A regular drug user may spend a lot of money buying drugs to satisfy their psychological needs. They may deplete all their bank savings due to addiction. Also, they might neglect their basic needs such as clothing to purchase the substance.
- Increased irresponsibility: Often, a drug addict prioritizes seeking and using drugs rather than concentrating in school or at work. They end up neglecting crucial personal obligations. Also, they fail to ignore various work-related laws.
- Unhealthy friendships: When a person starts using drugs, they seek solace from other drug users. They often hang out with people having questionable characters. With time, they get influenced to engage in unhealthy habits.
- Cravings: As one gets addicted to a particular drug little by little, they develop intense urges for the substance. In advanced cases, one may not be able to concentrate without taking their usual dose.
- Physical drug dependence: You may develop a physical dependence on a particular drug after using it for some time. Dependence occurs as one constantly uses a substance. It causes long-lasting physiological changes which may cause one to feel downcast once the drug's influence in their body subsides.
- Tolerance: Prolonged use of drugs causes one to develop a high tolerance to it. It forces them to use a higher amount to get the same satisfaction. Consequentially, it dramatically increases their usual expenditure.
- Withdrawal symptoms: It's common for a drug user to experience severe withdrawal symptoms whenever they try to stop using their favorite drug. They also occur when one fails to consume a drug for certain duration due to financial constraints. The occurrence of the withdrawal syndrome shows that one is already physically dependent on it.
- Isolation: At times, drug user chooses to isolate and withdraw themselves from friends and relatives. They try to conceal their drug use habit. Besides, they may have been stigmatized by their loved ones. Also, the isolation can be due to anxiety or depression.
Cause of Drug Addiction
There are two primary factors that can lead to drug addiction;
- Environment: Environmental factors include exposure to peer groups, the attitudes, and beliefs of family members. They may encourage one to indulge in drug use.
- Genetics: Once someone starts using a substance, certain genetic traits may cause an addiction. If they don't seek medical assistance, it can develop a chronic health condition.
Drug Addiction Treatment
In most instances, when someone is struggling with drug addiction, they tend to deny that they need help. Some are normally hesitant in seeking treatment either due to fear or lack of adequate support from loved ones. Once you decide to seek treatment, you need to select a residential or an outpatient program.
Outpatient treatment comprises an addiction treatment offered by a clinic or a rehab. It allows one to go back home after being treated. Also, it enables you to perform other personal responsibilities as you stick to your treatment plan. Different outpatient treatment programs have varying intensities. Most of them consist of therapeutic interventions such as:
- A detoxification phase
- Individual and group therapy
- Treatment management
- Relapse prevention measures
- Unlimited support
In residential treatment, you normally live in a treatment center throughout your treatment's duration. It's a favorite program for people who want to avoid being tempted back to drug use. It enables them to focus on remaining sober without getting any drug influence. Most inpatient rehab facilities provide close medical care and supervision. It allows different drug users to share their addiction-related struggles. A typical residential treatment facility includes;
- A safe recovery atmosphere
- Support from other patients
- Supervised drug detoxification
- Group and individual therapies
- Medical drug treatment
- Family therapy and weekends
- A variety of therapeutic activities such as meditation and yoga
Moreover, different drug treatment centers offer inpatient programs with additional features such as meditation. There are luxury inpatient treatment facilities which are common in posh environments. Normally, they provide exemplary services. Also, they offer a variety of addiction treatments such as supervised detoxification, group, and individual therapy. They supplement the treatment plans with additional therapies including;
- Spa treatment
- Horseback riding
Ways to Prevent Drug Addiction
An ideal way to avoid drug addiction is not using any substance. If a doctor prescribes a medication that can cause an addiction, be careful when taking it. It's prudent to follow the doctor's prescription.
However, the doctor should prescribe medicine at appropriate amount and doses. Also, it's their duty to closely monitor their intake. If you feel as if you need an extra dose, it's wise to consult your physician.
Many people who are addicted to drugs may not seek help from a certified therapist. Instead, they try to quit the habit on their own. However, it isn't a piece of cake. You may need to help them by enlisting them in a rehabilitation treatment plan. Various rehab centers offer both outpatient and inpatient treatment.