Eventually, cocaine abuse causes the brain and body to adjust to the chemical changes caused by cocaine and needs it to function normally.
Psychological addiction can also occur when users feel they need to take cocaine in a particular situation. Cocaine withdrawal and strong cravings for cocaine occurs when a user stops taking the drug after they have become dependent on it.
Cocaine addiction is often physically and mentally damaging to people who are dependent on it.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse list possible short-term health effects, including paranoia, psychosis, heart rhythm problems, heart attack and stroke. Possible long-term effects can also include a loss of sense of smell, nasal damage and infection and death of bowel tissue.
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Symptoms of Cocaine Withdrawal
Withdrawal symptoms can appear as soon as 30 minutes after the drug is used for the last time. Common symptoms of cocaine withdrawal include:
- Exhaustion and fatigue
- Suicidal thoughts
- Disturbing dreams
- Difficulty concentrating
- Increased appetite
- Cravings for cocaine
This can be difficult to deal with, which is why it is often hard for users to quit cocaine fully. The cycle of addiction means that withdrawal symptoms are experienced once consumption has ended, meaning relapse is the easiest way to get rid of withdrawal symptoms.
Withdrawal Symptoms Timeline
A cocaine user can experience withdrawal symptoms from half an hour after their last dose of the drug, and withdrawal symptoms typically last 5-10 days.
The duration and severity of withdrawal can vary depending on the individual. Factors that can influence it include the length of use and quantity, co-occurring mental health or medical issues, home environment and addiction to other substances.
A cocaine user experiencing withdrawal can expect to experience:
Symptoms will be most intense during this initial period of cocaine withdrawal, including irritability, trouble sleeping and a strong desire to use the drug.
Withdrawal symptoms should become less intense, but difficulty concentrating or keeping a stable mood is expected.
Week 10 onwards
Cocaine Addiction Treatment
Quitting cocaine requires a detox process for the cocaine to leave the body and treatment to help with withdrawal symptoms.
Medications are available to help with the anxiety and depression that many people suffer with and sleeping medication can be prescribed to help with restlessness and insomnia if required.
Support groups and therapy are also helpful in combatting the cravings and temptation to begin using the drug again after it has left the body.
Therapy treatments are so important as part of the recovery process. Cocaine addiction is largely psychological, which is why treating the underlying issues of cocaine abuse makes long-term recovery much more probable.
Treatments might include:
- Cognitive behavioural therapy
- Support groups
- Group therapy
- Individual therapy
- Motivational therapy
- Coping mechanisms
Treatment for cocaine addiction doesn’t end once there is no trace of the drug left in the body, cravings for the drug can reappear years later, and strategies to counter these are needed for long term success.
This is why relapse prevention sessions and aftercare are so important in the recovery process. You will be supported during the most difficult period of recovery which will give you the best chance of achieving long-term sobriety.
When is Medical Detox Needed?
Not everyone needs a medical detox. Some people may be successful in detoxing at home, but detoxing at home presents extra challenges.
Withdrawal symptoms are more challenging to face alone, and there’s no separation from the home environment, which may trigger relapse or use.
Medical detox is especially recommended for those who have previously relapsed or suffer from mental health disorders. The controlled, professional environment of a treatment centre offers the best chance of success.
The Detox Process at a Drug Rehab Clinic
At a drug rehab, every care is taken to ensure that patients are supported through the detox process and have a plan in place for recovery afterwards.
Completing the detox process at a drug rehab clinic is the safest method to detox. There are professionals on hand to make the process as straightforward as possible. The environment is supportive and drug-free, avoiding the temptations or stresses of home that may make the temptation to relapse more challenging to resist.
As well as help with the initial detox phase, a range of psychological exercises and counselling are also laid out to ensure that those undergoing treatments have the best chance of long-term success.
Aftercare at Cocaine Addiction Rehab
Detox is the first step in addiction treatment, but it’s not the end of the road. Patients need to ensure they have the right mindset and support to resist relapsing.
Aftercare at a rehab treatment centre includes therapy and counselling to help maintain a positive, resilient mindset that will help those in recovery to continue their life free from addiction.
The team of experienced medical professionals at the treatment centre will create a suitable programme to provide them with the tools they need.
This will help you stay on track in your recovery and help you to feel supported throughout the process. You will also be recommended to join a local Narcotics Anonymous support group which will further help your recovery.
Frequently Asked Questions
-  National Institute on Drug Abuse - https://nida.nih.gov/publications/drugfacts/cocaine
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Really enjoyed my time at Asana lodge. Staff are great and most have previous experience of the afflictions that affect all the clients, so they can relate to the situation you are in. I feel ready now to tackle the outside world with all the skills I have learnt.
Thank you to all the staff at asana lodge from management to the cleaners, everyone made me feel so welcome and really went above and beyond to help me in my recovery. highly recommend anyone seeking help with addiction depression and anxiety to go to asana lodge and heal your mind body and soul.
Everyone at Cassiobury court have been very supportive with my recovery and I have learnt a lot over the past 14 days. I am taking away some good tools to help me with my addiction. I look forward to seeing the piers at the aftercare service.
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This is done to assess what sort of help is needed so we can recommend an addiction treatment service that can provide the best help possible.
All calls are strictly confidential and are carried out by a trained healthcare professional.
No obligation recommendations are made after a full assessment of yourself or loved ones situation is fully made.
Recommendations include specialist addiction treatment programmes in CQC regulated facilities based throughout the UK.
If you are unable to afford private treatment then public healthcare and charities would also be recommended to you.
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We have a large number of helpful services available to help give you the best possible support when it comes to dealing with addiction.
Just some of the services we can offer includes:
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We can help take the stress out of finding an addiction treatment provider by recommending only the best options available that fully suits your criteria.
The help and advice we can provide includes making sure that your journey towards recovery is one that can definitely be achieved.
Taking the step towards recovery can be incredibly tough but we are here to put your concerns at ease by giving you insights into the safety of undertaking residential addiction treatment and how it can put you on the path towards long lasting recovery from addiction.
Our team of advisors have extensive experience and knowledge about the subject of addiction and the treatment provided so if you have any questions then they will be more than happy to help.
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